Determinants of International Buyout Investments
- Working Paper
Using a comprehensive and proprietary data set on inter-national private equity activity, this paper studies the determinants of buyout investments across 61 countries and 19 industries over 1990–2017. The study finds evidence that macroeconomic conditions, development of stock and credit markets, and the regulatory environment in a country are important drivers of international buyout capital flows. The paper shows that countries with low unemployment, more active stock and credit markets, and better rule of law receive more buyout capital. A difference-in-differences approach is used to explore the regulatory reforms some countries have adopted over the sample period. The find-ings are that countries receive significantly more buyout capital following investor protection and contract enforce-ment reforms. The impact of regulatory reform is more pronounced in countries with better corporate governance standards and education. Buyout investment responds to these factors more so than foreign direct investment and gross domestic fixed investment.
Greg W. Brown